Alphabetical list of Jewish historical sites in Warsaw:

A    B    C    D
G    J    K    L
M   N   O    P 
    T   W   



Twarda st.

Tłomackie st.





50/52 Targowa Street
This is the oldest masonry residential building in Praga, built by Mr Rothblit in 1819. Before 1839 it held a Jewish elementary school, and three houses of prayer in the courtyard, which were used as storerooms after the war. Fragments of wall paintings depicting signs of the zodiac, the Wailing Wall and Rachel's Tomb survive in two of them. There is an inscription in Hebrew on one of the walls, noting that the wall paintings were funded with donations from Dawid Grinsztajn's sons in 1934.



50/52 Targowa str.
7 Tłomackie Street 
(the Great Synagogue, now the Blue Tower on Bankowy Square)

The Great Synagogue was built in 1875-78 to a design by L. Marconi and became a symbol of Jewish Warsaw. Here celebratory services were held on national holidays and world-famous cantors sang. It was closed in January 1940, like all other Jewish houses of prayer. It was reopened on June 14, 1941 and then closed again in March 1942 when it and the neighboring library building were put outside ghetto limits. It was then used as a storehouse for furniture looted from the Jewish Quarter. After a month of fighting the Ghetto Uprising, General Jürgen Stroop decided that the symbol of his victory would be the destruction of the synagogue. This was carried out on May 16, 1943 at 8:15 p.m.



The Great Synagogue
3/5 Tłomackie Street 
(Judaic Library, now the Jewish Historical Institute)

This building was erected in 1928-36, designed by Edward Eber, as the library of the Great Synagogue. It also housed the Judaic Studies Institute, where scholars of the caliber of Majer Bałaban, Mojżesz Schor and Ignacy Schiper lectured. The building was within the ghetto during the war and housed the offices of the Jewish Mutual Aid Society. Emanuel Ringelblum, who worked here, created an underground archive of the ghetto. In 1947, following restoration, the building became the headquarters of the Jewish Historical Institute. It has extensive art, archival document and photographic collections. Its greatest treasure is the recovered Ringelblum Archives. The art collections are on displayed in the permanent exhibitions: "The Warsaw Ghetto" and "The Gallery of Jewish Art." The institute's temporary exhibition gallery, and a Jewish-theme bookstore are found next door in the so-called Blue Tower, on the site of the Great Synagogue.  
The Jewish Historical Institute
Exhibitions are open Mon.-Fri. 9 a.m.-4 p.m., and until 6 p.m. on Thursdays. Tel. (+48 22) 8279221.






6 Twarda Street  
(Nożyk Synagogue)

Built in 1989-1902 as a private prayer house by Zelman and Rywka Nożyk, it was later given to the Warsaw Jewish Community. Of the hundreds of prayer houses in Warsaw before the war, it is the only surviving synagogue still in use. In the 1970s a building was added to the east side which houses the offices of the Warsaw Jewish Community and the Union of Jewish Communities in Poland. The synagogue is open for sightseeing everyday except Saturday mornings. Tel. (+48 22) 6204324.



The Nożyk synagogue
6 Twarda Street
 One of the few surviving buildings on this street. In the inter-war period it contained many Jewish institutes and the Jewish Community out-patient clinic. Fragments of a sign remain in the first stairwell in Polish, Hebrew and Yiddish, informing of the existence of the clinic. Documents found of the families who lived in this building, in the ghetto, until their deportation in July 1942, are displayed in the central stairwell. 
6 Twarda str.
The building currently houses: the Jewish Community cafeteria, the Betejn Seniors Club, the Children of the Holocaust Association (tel. (+48 22) 6208245), the Jewish Combatant Association (tel. 6206211), the Jewish Cultural Education Center (tel. 6543160), the Ronald Lauder Foundation (tel. 6203496), Midrasz monthly (tel. 6543155), Our Roots Travel Agency (tel. 6200556), Shalom Travel (tel. 6522804), and the Polish Union of Jewish Students (tel. 6522200). Inside the building